Environment Correspondent, BBC World Service
Christmas and New Years are festive times for many – as it’s a time to buy sparkling new outfits which they decorate with sequins.
Sequined clothing is also only becoming more common in certain parts of the world for oda times of the year – for example for South Asia they practice wearing lehenga, long dress and choli, as well as ‘an embroidered and often sequined blouse, they have spread.
But the clothes they make with sequins cause environmental harm, experts make tok of it, and they cause a lot of it.
The sequins are falling
“I don’t know if you ever wear anything with sequins, but I don’t, and those things always fall off, especially if the fabric is from a fast fashion or discount retailer,” Jane Patton is the campaign manager for plastics. and petrochemicals with the Center for International Environmental Law tok am.
“They come off when you hug, or get in and out of the car, or even just walk or dance. They also come off when you wash them.”
The problem is the same with sequins. They are usually made from plastic with a metallic reflective coating. Once they’ve gone down the drain they stay in the environment for ages, perhaps breaking off smaller pieces over time.
“Because glitter is synthetic and made from a single material that most certainly contains toxic chemicals, it ends up at any time – air, water, soil – and is potentially dangerous,” Jane said. Pattons.
“Microplastics are a monumental problem. Because they are so small and move so easily, it is impossible to clean them up or control them.”
Researchers reveal this year that they are finding microplastics for fresh Antarctic snow.
They didn’t invent biodegradable glitter yet, but they never started producing them in abundance.
Ultimate Disposable Fashion Party Clothes
Charity Oxfam surveyed 2,000 UK women aged 18-55 for 2019, 40% of them say they will be shopping for sequin fabric for the festive season.
Na only a quarter of them say they will not wear it again, and on average some pipo tok say they will wear the cloth about five times before they put it away.
Five per cent say they will put the cloth inside the bin once they have finished wearing them and one of them has led Oxfam to calculate, for example, 1.7 million 2019 party clothes pieces end up in the landfill.
Once they’re destined for landfill, the plastic flakes stay there forever — but studies also don’t find that liquid waste from landfills also contains microplastics.
A group of researchers say the study shows that “landfill is not the last place for plastics, but a potential source of microplastics”.
Dem fit dey dump cloth wey dem no sell
Viola Wohlgemuth, head of circular economy and toxics for Greenpeace Germany, says they don’t sell 40% of the items the garment industry produces. Dem fit come ship am go oda kontris and dump am dia, she tok.
The clothes they decorate with sequins are part of the expeditions. Viola Wohlgemuth says she doesn’t see them for secondhand markets and landfills for Kenya and Tanzania.
“There are no regulations governing the exports of textile waste. They disguise the exports as second-hand textiles and dump them for the poor kontris, who end up in landfills or waterways, and they pollute,” he said. she says.
“Dem no dey ban am as problem substance like oda types of waste, like electronic waste or plastic waste, under di Basel Convention.”
Dey wen dem waste make glitter
They usually make glitter out of plastic sheets and they’ll throw away the leftovers.
“A few years ago, some companies were trying to burn waste for their incinerators,” said Jignesh Jagani tok, owner of a textile factory in the Indian state of Gujarat.
“And we’re producing toxic smoke, and the state pollution control board is talking about it and getting companies to stop doing it. Managing that waste isn’t a challenge.”
One of the developers of compostable cellulose flakes, Elissa Brunato, does not say that she first made sheets of the material and then cut them into flakes. To avoid this problem, she switched to making sequins for individual molds.
Sequins attached to synthetic fibers
The problem is not just with the sequins, but with the synthetic materials that usually attach to them.
According to the United Nations Environment Program, about 60% of the materials they turn into clothes are plastic, like polyester or acrylic, and every time they wash the clothes, they shed tiny microfibers of plastic.
Dis fiber finds a way into the waterways, and dia enters the food chain.
According to an estimate by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, synthetic textiles are responsible for 35% of the microfibers that enter the oceans.
George Harding of the Changing Markets Foundation, we want to tackle sustainability issues using the power of the market, say the fashion industry uses plastic glitter and fibers (which they find in petroleum or gas) also demonstrates a “deep-rooted dependence on the fossil fuel industry for raw materials”.
They’re not predicting that clothing production will nearly double by 2030 from 2015 levels, I add, so “they’re probably saying the problem gets worse if no beta intervention does.”